Bio-Phenolic Elastomer Composite
The invention includes a process for producing bio-based phenolic resin from oil palm biomass and steps for fabrication of fibre reinforced bio-phenolic and bio-phenolic-epoxidized natural rubber composites.
INSPIRATION OF THE INVENTION
- It is providing an alternative for waste management of the Malaysian largest agro industrial crop by utilizing its major solid biomass.
- Optimising incorporation of biopolymer in the making of composites.
- Improving the toughness of brittle phenolic polymer composite using natural rubber is another important agroindustrial crop in Malaysia.
PROBLEM STATEMENT & CURRENT ISSUES
- Abundance of solid lignocellulose biomass from agroindustry.
- Most commercial phenolic resin produced using 100% petrochemicals.
- Both phenolic polymer matrix and reinforcing fiber materials are strong but brittle.
- Most countries have strong strategies for bioeconomy.
INVENTIVENESS & NOVELTY
- Utilizing lignocellulosic functionality to substitute petro- chemical phenol in the making of phenolic resin.
- Combining polar bio-phenolic resin with non-polar natural rubber.
- Using elastomer prepreg layering for the fabrication of composite panels
USEFULNESS & APPLICATION
- This technology can be used to fabricate automotive body parts such as a bumper, hood, door etc.
- Application in the making of furniture and tabletops.
- Flooring and other suitable building structures.
IMPACT OF THE PRODUCT
- Offer alternative use of the biomass from the oil palm industry.
- Utilisation of natural rubber in the making of the product instead of synthetic elastomers.
- Increase wettability and compatibility between reinforcing fibres with the phenolic matrix.
- Improves phenolic composite toughness.
- Biophenolic resin: Adhesive for plywood/wood industries.
- Biophenolic composite: Automotive, construction materials and furniture.
TRL : 4
Project Leader : Prof. Dr. Sarani Zakaria
Co-Researcher : Prof. Madya Dr. Chia Chin Hua, Dr. Sharifah Nabihah Syed Jaafar, En. Umar Adli Amran, Puan Zuhaili Zakaria
Dept./Fac./Inst : Applied Physics
Expertise : Lignocellulose composite, pulp and paper, biorefinery, nanotechnology, cellulose derivatives and regenerated products, bioresin
The present invention aims to provide a method for preparing a bio-based material that includes extracting celluloses from lignocellulosic biomass and regenerating a cellulose film. After that, preparing a metal-graphene oxide nano-composite and subsequently mixing the metal-graphene oxide nanocomposite into the cellulose film solution to form an interaction mixture. Subsequently, the interaction mixture is coagulated in a nonsolvent coagulant, and a highly porous structure of a cellulose membrane is regenerated.